A Complete Guide To MLA Citation And Referencing
A citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source of information. It is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression embedded in the bibliographic reference section of a work. The purpose of the citation is to refrain from plagiarism and to attribute unoriginal work or ideas to the correct sources. It enables a reader to have a clear idea of the strength and the validity of the information used.
There are different styles to cite a work. Some of which are APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, Oxford, Harvard, etc. Various institutions and instructors have widely used the Modern Language Association or the MLA style for nearly half a century. Let’s look at the intricacies of MLA citation and referencing.
How To Cite A Blog In MLA Referencing Style
The Modern Language Association Style or MLA is used to cite sources of literature, language, liberal arts, and other subjects pertaining to the branch of humanities. The style provides the readers with a cross-referencing system that enables them to locate the publication details of a source.
As new forms of online publications received acceptance in an academic setting, numerous questions regarding proper citation remain unanswered. Many people ask “Is it possible to cite a blog in the MLA style?” Of course, a blog can be cited using the MLA style without the hassle.
Crucial Facts About MLA Citations And References
Let’s look at the steps to cite a blog as per the MLA style:
Implement The Following Format To Cite A Blog Post In MLA 8:
Author’s last name, first name. “Title of the post.” Blog name, Publisher (include this information if it is different than the blog site name), Publishing date of the blog post, Link of the post (omit http:// or https://)
Example: Johnson, Paul. “10 tips to be an expert of online dating”. Stellar posts, 17th April 2016, www.sitename.com/
How To Cite An EBook In MLA Format Along With Examples
In modern days, most people read e-books on a personal device or computer. Students tend to collect relevant information on a topic from an e-book.
To cite an e-book in the MLA format, follow the below structure:
Last name of the author, First name. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of publication. Series. Medium.
Example: Mitchell, John. Vampire. Mineola: Penguin Publications, 2010. Kindle Edition.Berger, John. The Development of cells: Dover Publications, 2000. EPUB.
- If you can identify the type of e-book you consulted (like Kindle, EPUB), specify it instead of writing “e-book”.
- Avoid using device-specific numbering systems.
How To Create MLA Page Heading Format
One can simply create a page header format in the MLA style. It includes the author’s last name and the page number on the right margin. It can be set up on a common word processing programs in a few steps.
The steps are as follows:
- Use the appropriate paper: Usually, you should use a standard white A4 size paper while writing in the MLA style. Be sure that the word processor is set to this paper size before you begin to format your header.
- Find the accurate font: MLA style does not mention a single font preference. Try to choose classic, simple and easy-to-read fonts (e.g., Times New Roman). The font size should be 12 points. Use the same font type and size in both the header and the main body.
- Provide the right size to the margins: MLA style mentions one-inch or 2.54 cm margins on all edges of the page.
- Include your last name and page number to the right of the margin: If your last name is Johnson, your header on page 2 will appear simply as “Johnson 2”.
- Create an MLA header in Word 365: ?This is a web-based, streamlined version of the word processor. Click the insert tab at the top of the page. Click the page numbers button. Choose “Add to Header or Footer”. Select the option that places the page number at the top right of the page. You will notice a shade in the inserted page number. Type the last name and add a space. Highlight the name and page number. Change the font to Times New Roman in 12-point. Click the shaded area below the header to go to the main body of the document.
How To Write A Newspaper In MLA Referencing Style
Let us look at the ways to cite a newspaper in the MLA referencing style:
To Cite A Newspaper In Print In MLA:
Last Name, First Name. “Article Title”. Newspaper Title [city] Date Month Year published: Page(s). Print.
Example: Jonathan, Mike. “Drinks that promise energy, but Experts say there is no proof.” The New York Times 14th Jan 2016: 1. Print.
To Cite A Newspaper Online In MLA:
Last name, first name. “Article Title”. Newspaper Title Date Month Year Published: Page (s). Website Title. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
Huber, Martha. “A desperate call to action”. New York Post N.p., 14th April. 2018. Web. 1 Jan.2019.
How To Cite A Book Via MLA Citation Generator
To cite a book via MLA citation generator, be sure to collect the following bibliographic essentials: names of author, other contributors such as translators or editors, the title of the book, book editions, date of publication, the publisher and pagination.
To Cite A Book In Basic MLA Format Use This Structure:
Last name, First name. Title of the Book. City of publication, Publisher, Publication Date.
To Cite A Book With One Author:
Mitchell, Susan. Anguish. Penguin, 1988.
To Cite A Book Written By More Than One Author:
If multiple authors write a book, place them in the way they are presented in the book.
Example: Mitchell, Nelson, Liv Smith. A guide to media and publications. Dover and Bacon, 2010.
To Cite Two Or More Books Written By The Same Author:
List the work alphabetically by the title. Ignore articles like “a, an, and the”. For each entry by the same author, use three hyphens and a period.
Example:Jonathan, Mayer P. Young and New Empire. St. George’s, 1998.
How To Cite An Online Journal In MLA Citation Maker
There are various citation tools to cite an online journal in MLA format. BibMe, StyleWizard, and Easy Bib are some of these online tools used to cite an online journal in MLA.
Follow The Steps To Cite An Online Journal In The MLA Format:
Collect the name of the author, the title of the journal, the names of any contributors to the article, the version of the journal (if applicable), any numbers (such as volume or issue number associated with the journal), and the publication date. Also get your hands on the page number, the name of the database on which the article was found, and the URL or DOI where the article can be found.
Follow The Structure:
Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Journal Title Series Volume. Issue (Year Published): Pages. Database Name. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
Example: Jonathan, Lisa. “Vimeo, ‘Alcohol abuse Videos’ and drugs guide.” Drugs: Principles, policy, abuse, prevention 18.3 (2018): 110-115. Curriculum Search complete. Web. 4 April. 2018.
How To Cite A Magazine In MLA Referencing
Follow the guidelines to cite a magazine in MLA referencing style:
Gather essential details to cite a magazine in MLA format: the name of the author, the title of the article, the title of the magazine, the name of any other contributors to the article. Also, find the version of the magazine, any number such as volume or issue number, publication date, the location such as the page number or the page range, the database name on which the magazine article was found, the URL or DOI if the article was found online.
Follow The Structure:
To cite a magazine in print in MLA:
Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Magazine Title. Date Month Year Published: Page(s). Print.
Example:Rothbart, Lisa. “How I survived an Unfortunate Mishap.” Terrible Accidents Sept. 2010: 109-12. Print.
To cite a magazine online in MLA:
Last name, First Name. “Article Title.” Magazine Title. Date Month Year Published. Database Name Web. Data Month Year Accessed.
Example:Nasar, John. “Supreme Manifestation”. The New Yorker. 9 Jan 2012. Web. 14th April 2015.
Software For MLA Citation Generator
Sometimes, formatting can become quite challenging and tricky. It requires considerable time and patience. Using citation tools is necessary to ease your woes. Here’s a list of some best software used for generating MLA citations:
How To Cite A Dissertation In MLA Referencing Style
A dissertation is a complete, stand-alone work written under the auspices of an institution. To cite a dissertation execute the following steps:
It is essential to gather essential information to cite the dissertation as per the MLA referencing style. Include the following information: name of the author, title of the dissertation, date of publication, institution granting the degree, description of the work (optional), database and URL if accessed through a database or repository.
Implement The Following Structure
To cite a dissertation in the basic format:
Mayer, Mike. An opera of the rivals. 2011. Northwestern U, PhD dissertation.
To cite a dissertation acquired through an online repository:
Mayer, Mike. An opera of the rivals. 2011. Northwestern U, PhD.
How To Cite A Book Chapter In MLA Citation Generator
To cite a book chapter in MLA follow the essential guidelines:
To Cite A Chapter Of A Book In Print:
Last name, First name. “Section Title”. Anthology/book. Ed. First name. Last name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Page(s). Print.
Example:Haydon, Liz: “A trip to The Haunted House.” A Book of Haunted Stories. New York: Appleton, 1987. 15-30. Print.
To Cite A Chapter Of A Book Found Online:
Last Name, First Name. “Section Title.” Anthology/Book. Ed. First Name. Last Name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Pages. Website Title. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
Example: Haydon, Liz: “A trip to The Haunted House.” A Book of Haunted Stories. New York: Appleton, 1987. Google books. Web. 17th April 2016.
Government Publication MLA Formatter
To cite a government publication in MLA format, you can follow the following guidelines:
To Cite A Government Document In Print:
Last Name, First Name (or) Government Department. Title of Document. Location:Publisher, Year Published. Print.
Example:Fitzgerald, Gabrielle. Late Night Patrolling Incidents Context in Canadian cities. Ottawa: Statistics Europe, 2012. Print.
Note to remember:
Cite the author if identified. Otherwise, start with the name of the national government, followed by the agency (including any subdivision or agencies) that serves as the organisational author.
To Cite A Government Document In Electronic Version:
Last Name, First name (or) Government Department. Title of the Document. City:Publisher, Year published. Library database (if available).Web. Date accessed.
Example:Europe. Environment Europe. Transportation facilities. Average emission performance of 2010 model year heavy duty-vehicles. Ottawa: Environment Europe. Web. 17 Feb. 2017.
What Are The Free MLA Reference Generator Tools?
To Reduce Drudgery And Format Documents, Be It Books, Journals, Magazines, Articles In Print Or Online In MLA Referencing Style, You Can Use The Following Online MLA Reference Generator Tools For Free:
- Citation Creation
Citing References Accurately Is Crucial To Compose A Remarkable Assignment. To Most Students, It May Seem Like A Strenuous And Daunting Affair. Understand The Guidelines, Comprehend The Format, Remember Them And Follow The Rules To Compose An Exceptional Assignment. Make Citing As Easy As Eating A Pie And Fetch Excellent Grades In Your Next Assignment.
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